Fuel ethanol and agriculture: an economic assessment.


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Cellulosic Ethanol from Municipal Solid Waste: …

pubs.acs.org/doi/10.1021/es802788z

As cellulosic ethanol technologies advance, states could use the organic content of municipal solid waste as a transportation fuel feedstock and simultaneously reduce externalities associated with waste disposal. We examine the major processes required to support a lignocellulosic (employing enzymatic hydrolysis) municipal solid waste-to-ethanol infrastructure computing cost, energy, and ...

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) - U.S. …

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Energy used in the buildings sector—which includes residential and commercial structures—accounted for 20% of global delivered energy consumption in 2018. In its International Energy Outlook 2019 (IEO2019) Reference case, the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) projects that global energy consumption in buildings will grow by 1.3% per year on average from 2018 to 2050.

Department of Agriculture, Forestry and

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The Limpopo Department of Agriculture and Rural Development (LDARD) restated its vision of Food Security, Economic Growth and Job Creation through Sustainable Agricultural Development at the Department’s Strategic Planning on 5-6 September 2019 in Waterberg District-Bela-Bela.

ARS Home - USDA

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This site is also protected by an SSL (Secure Sockets Layer) certificate that’s been signed by the U.S. government. The https:// means all transmitted data is encrypted — in other words, any information or browsing history that you provide is transmitted securely.

Ethanol fuel in the United States - Wikipedia

en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ethanol_fuel_in_the_US

The United States became the world's largest producer of ethanol fuel in 2005. The U.S. produced 13.9 billion U.S. liquid gallons (52.6 billion liters) of ethanol fuel in 2011, an increase from 13.2 billion U.S. liquid gallons (49.2 billion liters) in 2010, and up from 1.63 billion gallons in 2000. Brazil and U.S. production accounted for 87.1% of global production in 2011.

Renewable Energy: Current and Potential Issues ...

academic.oup.com/bioscience/article/52/12/1111/223002

01.12.2002 · The United States faces energy shortages and increasing energy prices within the next few decades (Duncan 2001).Coal, petroleum, natural gas, and other mined fuels provide 75% of US electricity and 93% of other US energy needs ().On average, every year each American uses about 93,000 kilowatt-hours (kWh), equivalent to 8000 liters of oil, for all purposes, including transportation, heating ...

Ethanol: What Is It? - Ethanol - University of …

web.extension.illinois.edu/ethanol/

Ethanol can be fermented from many sources of starch, including corn, wheat, grain sorghum, barley, and potatoes, and from sugar crops such as sugar cane and sweet sorghum. Because there has been has been an abundant supply of corn, most of the ethanol made in the United States is from corn.

California Department of Food and Agriculture

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SACRAMENTO, October 21, 2019 — The California Department of Food and Agriculture (CDFA) is now accepting applications for the State Water Efficiency and Enhancement Program (SWEEP), a competitive grant program that incentivizes farmers to invest in irrigation water and energy efficiency.

Successful Farming | at Agriculture.com

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In preparation for the 2020 growing season, Ceres Imaging announces new features and product improvements for farmers to get maximum yield and profit.

A Technical and Economic Comparison of the …

sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780128114582000201

Today, the biomass-derived energy represents 10%–12% of the total consumption of energy meant for food warming and preparation; in the developing countries, biofuels cover less than 1% of the total fuel demand. Brazil and the United States are the largest bioethanol producers, making up for over 85% of the world market, while the EU is the ...

Agriculture | Special Issue : Biofuels, Food …

mdpi.com/journal/agriculture/special_issues/biofuels_food_security

31.07.2012 · However, in the United States, the public’s attitude toward ethanol, one of the most readily available alternative fuels, has been somewhat ambiguous. This study examines consumer attitudes related to energy security and how import levels influence preferences for ethanol blends using an online survey of fuel consumers across the United States.

Agriculture | Agriculture Victoria

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14.01.2019 · Agriculture in Victoria. Victoria has around 21,200 farm businesses, which employs an average of 77,000 people. In 2017–18, the state's temperate climate, high quality soil and clean water helped the industry produce $14.9 billion worth of agricultural product from 11 million hectares.

United States Department of Agriculture

ers.usda.gov/webdocs/publications/82194/err-224.pdf?v=42804

08.03.2017 · United States Department of Agriculture The Role of Fossil Fuels in the U.S. Food System and the ... An accurate assessment of energy use throughout the food system requires a ... ethanol for vehicle fuel blends, and self-supplied renewable fuel. Source: USDA, Economic Research Service

Home | USDA Foreign Agricultural Service

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Renewable Fuel Standard: Potential Economic

nap.edu/read/13105/chapter/6

24.10.2016 · 4. The Economics and Economic Effects of Biofuel Production. The supply of biofuels depends on the availability and price of feedstocks.As discussed in Chapter 3, a sufficient quantity of cellulosic biomass could be produced in the United States to meet the Renewable Fuel Standard, as amended in the Energy Independence and Security Act (EISA) of 2007 (RFS2) mandate.

Ethanol Benefits and Considerations - US …

afdc.energy.gov/fuels/ethanol_benefits.html

Ethanol Benefits and Considerations. Ethanol is a renewable, domestically produced transportation fuel. Whether used in low-level blends, such as E10 (10% ethanol, 90% gasoline), or in E85 (flex fuel)—a gasoline-ethanol blend containing 51% to 83% ethanol, depending on geography and season—ethanol helps reduce emissions. Like any alternative fuel, there are some considerations to account ...

Biochemical Production of Ethanol from Corn …

osti.gov/servlets/purl/928256-ykUPAO/

22.06.2019 · The U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Scientific and Technical Information Biochemical Production of Ethanol from Corn Stover: 2007 State of Technology Model (Technical Report) | OSTI.GOV skip to main content

Amazon.com: Online Shopping for Electronics, …

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Online shopping from the earth's biggest selection of books, magazines, music, DVDs, videos, electronics, computers, software, apparel & accessories, shoes, jewelry ...

Department of Agriculture Home

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Farming, food and drought. We are working with farmers to make sure our policy, programs and services improve the productivity, competitiveness and sustainability of the food and agriculture industry.

Economics of Biofuels | Environmental …

epa.gov/environmental-economics/economics-biofuels

USDA National Agricultural Statistics Service Information. NASS publications cover a wide range of subjects, from traditional crops, such as corn and wheat, to specialties, such as mushrooms and flowers; from calves born to hogs slaughtered; from agricultural prices to land in farms. The agency has the distinction of being known as The Fact Finders of U.S. Agriculture due to the abundance of ...

(PDF) Ethanol Cost-of-Production Survey

researchgate.net/publication/5132622_Ethanol_Cost-of-Production_Survey

PDF | In 2003, the U.S. Department of Agriculture surveyed 21 dry-mill ethanol plants to estimate their 2002 production costs, including both variable (feed-stock and plant operation) and capital ...

Ethanol Fuel - an overview | ScienceDirect Topics

sciencedirect.com/topics/biochemistry-genetics-and-molecular-biology/ethanol-fuel

For example, in the United States (which is the world's largest producer ethanol for fuel use, Pilgrim & Vierhout, 2017), ethanol production averages over a million barrels (159 million liters) per day with an annualized rate of 16 billion gallons (60 billion liters) in 2017 (Kennedy, 2018).

Fuel Ethanol and Agriculture: An Economic

amazon.com/Fuel-Ethanol-Agriculture-Economic-Assessment/dp/B000O9PTOY

Fuel Ethanol and Agriculture: An Economic Assessment [Earle E. Gavett, Gerald E. Grinnell, Nancly L. Smith] on Amazon.com. *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.

Subsidies to Ethanol in the United States | …

link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007%2F978-1-4020-8654-0_4

Annual production of ethanol for fuel in the United States has trebled since 1999 and is expected to reach almost 7 billion gallons in 2007. This growth in production has been accompanied by billions of dollars of investment in transport and distribution infrastructure.

(PDF) An Assessment of Thailand’s Biofuel

researchgate.net/publication/258052980_An_Assessment_of_Thailand's_Biofuel_Development

PDF | The paper provides an assessment of first generation biofuel (ethanol and biodiesel) development in Thailand in terms of feedstock used, production trends, planned targets and policies and ...

Energy - Journal - Elsevier

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Energy is an international, multi-disciplinary journal in energy engineering and research. The journal aims to be a leading peer-reviewed platform and an authoritative source of information for analyses, reviews and evaluations related to energy.

Economic and Environmental Transportation of …

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Policy Analysis Economic and Environmental Transportation Effects of Large-Scale Ethanol Production and Distribution in the United States HEATHER L. WAKELEY,† C H R I S T .

Ethanol production and employment …

catalogue.nla.gov.au/Record/4069481

Department of Agriculture. Economic Research Service. Ethanol production and employment [microform] / Mindy Petrulis, Judith Sommer, Fred Hines U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Economic Research Service [Washington, D.C.?] 1993

Agriculture Sectors | Regulatory Information By …

epa.gov/regulatory-information-sector/agriculture-sectors

19.01.2017 · The Agriculture sectors comprise establishments primarily engaged in growing crops, raising animals, and harvesting fish and other animals from a farm, ranch, or their natural habitats. Additional regulatory information may also be available from the US Department of Agriculture

Home | Food and Agriculture Organization of the …

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22.10.2019 · The Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) is a specialized agency of the United Nations that leads international efforts to defeat hunger.

Lignocellulosic Ethanol: Technology and

intechopen.com/online-first/lignocellulosic-ethanol-technology-and-economics

29.05.2019 · The U.S. corn for fuel ethanol, feed, and other use. Source: the United States Department of Agriculture Economic Research Service Feed Grain Yearbook. There is still some debate on whether biofuel production from food feedstock can truly reduce GHG emissions.

Biofuels for Transport: Global Potential and

amazon.com.au/Biofuels-Transport-Implications-Sustainable-Agriculture-ebook/dp/B0081YT7C4

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Corn Ethanol and U.S. Biofuel Policy 10 Years …

academic.oup.com/ajae/article/100/2/570/4856035

13.02.2018 · The amount of ethanol consumed in the United States in 2011 equals 67.25% of the decline of finished motor gasoline consumption from 2005 to 2011. On the other hand, production of U.S. gasoline in 2005 is 3.04 billion of barrels annually but increases to 3.31 in 2011, an increase of 9%.

Department of Energy

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Today, the U.S. Department of Energy ... will focus on Artificial Intelligence and highlight the recently premiered Artificial Intelligence and Technology Office. September 25, 2019. ... United States and Poland sign Memorandum of Understanding for a reinforced Strategic Dialogue on Energy.

U.S. Department of State - United States …

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U.S. Department of State Welcome to the new State.gov Our new design makes it easier to find and learn about the State Department’s programs and services—from passports and visas to learning how U.S. diplomacy benefits the American people.

Biofuels, Solar and Wind as Renewable Energy …

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Renewable energy systems include wind power, biomass, photovoltaics, hydropower, solar thermal, thermal ponds, and biogas. Currently, a heavy focus is on biofuels made from crops, such as corn, sugarcane, and soybeans, for use as renewable energy sources. Wood and crop residues also are being used as fuel.

Corn ethanol - Wikipedia

en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Corn_ethanol

Corn ethanol is ethanol produced from corn biomass and is the main source of ethanol fuel in the United States.Corn ethanol is produced by ethanol fermentation and distillation.It is debatable whether the production and use of corn ethanol results in lower greenhouse gas emissions than gasoline. Approximately 40.5% of the U.S. corn croplands are used for ethanol production.

Read "Renewable Fuel Standard: Potential …

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However, the carbon storage could be offset by market-mediated effects on land-use and land-cover changes elsewhere as a result of biofuel production in the United States. A few authors estimated GHG emissions from indirect land-use change as a result of increasing corn-grain ethanol production in the United States.

Ethanol Production: Energy and Economic

link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-1-4020-8654-0_14

Ethanol Production: Energy and Economic Issues Related to U.S. and Brazilian ... Koplow, D. (2006). Biofuels—at what cost? Government support for ethanol and biodiesel in the United States. The Global ... Assessment of greenhouse gas emissions in the production and use of fuel ethanol in Brazil. Government of the State of Sao ...

Ethanol Fuel Basics - US Department of Energy

afdc.energy.gov/fuels/ethanol_fuel_basics.html

The U.S. Bioenergy Statistics are a source of information on biofuels intended to present a picture of the renewable energy industry and its relationship to agriculture. Where appropriate, data are presented in both a calendar year and the relevant marketing year timeframe to increase utility to feedstock-oriented users. The statistics highlight the factors that influence the demand for ...

Publications | Food and Agriculture Organization …

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This document reports on the partnership between FAO and the Department for International Development of the United Kingdom in addressing severe hunger and building resilience, as in the case of the massive humanitarian effort to contain famine in South Sudan in 2017.

National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) …

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NREL Celebrates National Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Day October 8. Oct. 8, 2019. ... The Wind Energy Workforce in the United States: Training, Hiring, ... The National Renewable Energy Laboratory is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy ...

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